The treatment involves spraying the abrasive product onto the skin surface, followed by suction to lift it up. Suction also removes the exfoliated cornified epidermis. The method allows gradual, controlled, mechanical exfoliation of the epidermis, layer by layer, in the desired degree, considering individual needs of the skin.
We use the Skinpeel 3000 device which uses corundum as the working substance. The material does not remain on the skin, it is sucked off immediately and, therefore, it does not have any impact onto the skin, does not cause inflammatory reactions or allergies. The sole important factor is correct performance of the treatment, application of correct pressure parameters and adaptation of those parameters to the patient’s skin characteristics.
Removal of the superficial skin layers makes it refreshed and purified, it opens clogged outlets of sebaceous glands and sweat glands, removes superficial discolourations. As a result of removal of the superficial epidermis layers, the skin becomes smoother, brighter, more fresh and more elastic, already after the first treatment. On the other hand, the treatment stimulates collagen and elastin production, stimulates natural growth of new tissue (the skin undergoes continuous regeneration, which is considerably accelerated by the treatment). Deeper microdermabrasion makes scars and stretch marks more shallow, reduces or completely eliminates fine wrinkles, reduces enlarged pores and discolourations.
Histological lesions observed under the microscope concern not only the epidermis (thickening), but also the dermis (improved blood micro-circulation and lymph flow, accelerated removal of toxins from deeper skin layers). The use of negative pressure, which results in better blood supply to the treated area, firms the skin and sucks in the abrasive substance together with the exfoliated epidermal cells.
Is this a painful treatment?
The treatment is painless.
When does the effect appear and how long does it last?
As compared with other treatments such as chemical peels, dermabrasion or laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion is a treatment which bears the minimum risk of complications, without the risk of discolourations and scars. Its effects are instantly noticeable and the patient may return to normal activity.
A series of 2 to 20 treatments should usually be performed (depending on the indication). On average, 5 treatments are performed within a series. The first three take place every 7-10 days, followed by treatments performed every two weeks. The intervals between treatments may be longer, even up to 4 weeks, but undergoing a series at specified intervals is recommended for best effects.
Subsequent months usually include one sustaining treatment each. The appearance and colour of the skin improve significantly after the first treatment already, the skin becomes smoother in touch and the effect is multiplied after subsequent treatments.
An indication for a higher number of treatments – approximately 20 – are deep acne scars. Gradually, they become more shallow and the skin colour becomes equalised. The more treatments, the better the effect.
- Avoid sunbathing and bathing in the swimming pool for the first 2 days after the treatment
- Drink a lot of mineral water daily (1.5-2 l), this ensures even greater skin elasticity
- Between subsequent treatments, patients with discolourations should use preparations containing at least 2% of hydroquinone
- Whitening preparations should be applied 24 hours after the microdermabrasion treatment, 2 times a day
- Application of at least 50 SPF protection products during the day in the sun exposure period
Contraindications and adverse effects
- Viral, bacterial and fungal skin infections
- Pustular acne, phlegmonous acne
- Eyelid skin
- Mutilations, erosion (skin continuity damage)
- Skin neoplasms and pigment nevi
- Extensive cavernous angioma
- Acne treatment with Roaccutan if the time elapsed is shorter than 3 months
- Tendency to develop keloids
- Surgical procedures in the face area (during the last 2 months)
- Face and body peel,
- Enlarged pores,
- Seborrhoea and skin dryness,
- Scars and keloids,
- Discolourations and depigmentation,
- Sun damage to the skin (face, hands, neck),
- Old age spots,
- Stretch marks,
- Skin flabbiness,
- Fine wrinkles,
- Rough/uneven/cornified epidermis,
- Common acne (blackhead acne, papulous acne),
- Ideal preparation to laser treatments: photo-rejuvenation, dilated, broken capillaries and discolourations.